Japanese Invasion Money Part 4: BURMA
The Japanese invaded and took control of Burma in January 1942. Burma JIM is a short series. The series is noted by the letter “B” in red, block letters (see BLOCK LETTERS in part 1). Although there are other JIM issues which utilize serial numbers on the notes, there are no Burmese JIM notes with serial numbers. Notes issued in Burma were printed with the denominations of cents and rupees. Each denomination was also produced as specimen notes, which are the most expensive. For the purposes of this section I will not list the specimen types here.
A little known fact regarding the JIM which was issued in Burma is that they were also issued and circulated as legal tender in the Andaman and Nicobar islands.
Fractional Cent Denominated Notes
- The fractional JIM notes of Burma come in the value of 1, 5, and 10 cents.
- The face has “THE JAPANESE GOVERNMENT”, the denomination written out and in numeral form, and red block letters or fractional block letters.
- At the bottom center of each JIM note is an inscription in Japanese script that reads “Government of Great Imperial Japan” and to the bottom left is a round seal with Japanese script that reads “Minister of Finance.”(see Inscription and Seal in part 1).
- The back has the numeral denomination in the center and corners on an ornate design.
- These notes were lithographed.
The Varieties known for fractional (cents) Burma JIM notes varieties are:
Japanese Issued Fractional JIM notes for Burma
Rupee Denominated Notes
- The six different denominations of rupee notes are 1/4, 1/2, 1, 5, 10 and 100 Rupees .
- The face and back of the 1/4 rupee is designed like the fractional (cents) notes.
- While the face of the ½ to 100 rupee notes all have “THE JAPANESE GOVERNMENT” and their denomination spelled out and as a numeral, they also feature a picture of the Ananda Temple at Pagan (pronounced puh gon).
- The 1 rupee note has a breadfruit tree on the left with the temple on the right.
- The 5 rupees has a coconut palm on the left and a pawpaw tree with the temple on the right.
- The 10 rupees note has a large Roman numeral “X” and a coconut palm on the left and a coconut palm and the temple on the right, and the denomination spelled out at the center.
- The 100 rupees note has “100” and a coconut palm on the left and the temple on the right.
- The back of these notes have the denomination numeral repeated on an ornamental design, as on the fractional notes as shown below.
- A quatrefoil water mark is found on these notes, except where noted below. (see Quatrefoil Watermark in part 1)
As with the fractional notes, each of the Rupee denominated notes has in Japanese script at bottom center “Government of Great Imperial Japan” and each of the Rupee notes has the round seal with “Minister of Finance.” For the 1/4 rupee, 1/2 rupee and 1 rupee, the Minister of Fiance seal is on the lower left of the front. For the 5 rupees note, the minister of fiance seal is at bottom center just above the “Government of Great Imperial Japan” in Japaneses script. For the 10 Rupees note it is located in the lower right between the two number “10” numerals. Finally on the 100 rupees note, back to the lower right in the first band of ornate designs directly under the numeral 100.
The Rupee denominated Burma varieties that you will find are as follows:
Japanese Issued Rupee JIM notes for Burma
You might find it interesting that both the U.S. and Britain, counterfeited the Burma JIM for several reasons. If you are collecting types you might be interested in adding these to your collection. It is the author’s hope to cover these counterfeits in a separate post.